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1. Maps of Germany about the general facts
<Federal States of Germany>
<German language througout the word>
Marked Namibia as having German as inofficial language and second language (after English or Afrikaans and regional African languages). This reflects the current and real status of the German language in Namibia. Furthermore, dots representing the Australian population with German origin have been added, since the German language is an integral part of the German-Australian culture, and is not only reflected by numerous town- and street-names but also by various German-culture clubs.
<The development of the Germanic linguistic area>
<Dialectal ranges (not those of standard languages) of the Continental West Germanic languages>
<Cities in Germany>
2. Maps of Germany about the history
<The southern part of present-day Germany is under the influence of Celt. This map shows the possible extent of (proto-)Celtic influence 800-400 BC>
<In the first millenium BCE (proto)-Germanic people's enter from Scandinavia present-dau North Germany.>
<This map shows the gradual expansion of their territory during the 1st millennium BCE>
<Pre Migration Age Germanic>
Around 68 BCE the Roman Empire conquers the south-west part of present-day Germany. The other parts remain under control of germanic tribes. Map showing the pre-Migration Age distribution of the Germanic tribes in Proto-Germanic times, and stages of their expansion up to 50 BC, AD 100 and AD 300. The extent of the Roman Empire in 68 BC and AD 117 is also shown.
<The Roman Empire in CE 120 and Germania>
<Extent of Western Roman Empire 395>
<Invasions of the Roman Empire>
The Franks become the dominant tribe and establish their realm. The Frankish Realm includes large parts of present-day Germany, France, the Netherlands, Belgium and Switzerland. In 751 the Carolingian dynasty comes to power with Pepin the Short, but his succesor, Charlemagne reunites in 771 the Frankish domains. Charlemagne is crowned Emperor of the Romans, or Roman Emperor in the West, by Pope Leo III in 800. This map shows the rise of the Frankish Empire
<The Treaty of Verdun 843>
The Treaty of Verdun, 843, confirms the division of the Empire in three. The East Frankish Kingdom develops with the coronation of the first German king in 919 into the Kingdom of Germany, a feudal country, divided in a growing number of more or less independent states.
<The Holy Roman Empire in the 10th century>
<Hanseatic trade routes>
<The Holy Roman Empire in the 14th century>
<The Holy Roman Empire and its circles in 1512>
<Holy roman empire around 1630>
Area controlled by the Holy Roman Empire around 1630. The most important countries inside the empire (and partially outside) are Austria and Brandenburg-Prussia.
<Holy Roman Empire 1648>
after the secession of the Netherlands and Switzerland.
<Dissolved Holy Roman Empire 1806>
Under French pressure the Holy Roman Empire is dissolved in 1806. Germany fell apart in several countries from very small to rather big.
<The Confederation of the Rhine 1806>
As a result of the Napoleonic war the German Empire is replaced in 1806 by the Confederation of the Rhine-confederation of French satellite states.
<The Confederation of the Rhine in 1812>
<German Confederation 1815-1866>
After the defeat of France in 1813, there is no central authority in Germany, but at the Vienna Congress in 1815, the German Confederation, a lose confederation of states in Germany including Prussia and Austria, is founded.
<Borders of the German Confederation in 1820>
<Austro Prussian War 1866>
After a revolution in 1848 Germany is temporarily united in the German Empire, but the next year the German Confederation is restored. The confederation comes to an end after the Austro-Prussian War of 1866. This map shows the alliances of the member-states of the German Confederation in the Austro-Prussian War, 1866
Kingdom of Prussia Austrian Empire
Kingdom of Italy Kingdom of Bavaria
Mecklenburg-Schwerin Kingdom of Hanover
Mecklenburg-Strelitz Kingdom of Saxony
Oldenburg Kingdom of Württemberg
Saxe-Coburg and Gotha Hesse-Kassel
Neutral Disputed Territory
<The aftermath of the Austro Prussian War 1866>
Prussia (dark blue) and its allies (blue) against Austria (red) and its allies (pink). Neutral members of the German Confederation are in green, Prussia’s territorial gains after the war are in light blue
<The North German Confederation 1867-1871>
In 1867 the North German states form the North German Confederation, a loose confederation of states. Baden, Bavaria, Württemberg and the south part of Hesse remained outside the North-German Confederation. In a way they were independent between 1867 and 1871, when they joined the German Empire.
<The German Empire 1871-1918>
<Prussia in the German Empire 1871-1918>
<The German colonies at the beginning of World War I>
<German Empire 1919-1945>
The aftermath, including the Treaty of Versailles, leads to the end of the monarchy and to territorial losses, shown by this map. The Saar region is separated from Germany, as are eastern parts of Germany (to Poland), the Memel Territory and the Free City of Danzig. The German Empire becomes a republic.
<Germany in 1925>
<German Empire 1937-1939>
In 1933 the Nazionalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei (National Socialist German Workers' Party (NSDAP) succeeds in seizing power and establishing a dictatorship. Adolf Hitler becomes chancellor of Germany. In 1935 the ► Saar is re-incorporporated into Germany, followed in 1938 by ► Austria and some parts of ► Czechoslovakia (Sudetenland). In 1939 ► Memel is re-incorporated into Germany and later that year Germany invades the Czech parts of Czechoslovakia, and establishes the protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia and annexes the city of ► Danzig. This map shows German growth 1937-1939
<Eastern front of the Second World War circa 1941-1942>
<The four sectors of Berlin>
<German States in 1949> Violet - Saar
<German States in 1957>
In 1957 Saar rejoined the Federal Republic of Germany. This map shows the states in 1957
<The Berlin Wall>